戴菊


戴菊(学名:Regulus regulus)小型鸟类,体长9~10厘米。上体橄榄绿色。头顶中央柠檬黄色或橙黄色羽冠,两侧有明显的黑色侧冠纹,眼周灰白色。腰和尾上覆羽黄绿色,两翅和尾黑褐色,尾外翈羽缘橄榄黄绿色,初级和次级飞羽羽缘淡黄绿色,三级飞羽尖端白色,翅上具两道淡黄白色翅斑。下体白色,羽端沾黄色,两肋沾橄榄灰色。相似种火冠戴菊腰黄色,眼周黑色,脸白色,区别明显。

戴菊
戴菊

通常独栖于针叶林的林冠下层。加入迁徙鸟潮。叫声为尖细高音sree~sree~sree。告警时发出重音tseet。鸣声为高调的重复型短句,至华彩乐段收尾。

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雄鸟上体橄榄绿色,前额基部灰白色,额灰黑色或灰橄榄绿色;头顶中央有一前窄后宽略似锥状的橙色斑,其先端和两侧为柠檬黄色,头顶两侧紧接此黄色斑外又各有一 条黑色侧冠纹;眼周和眼后上方灰白或乳白色,其余头侧、后颈和颈侧灰橄榄绿色。背、肩、腰等其余上体橄榄绿色,腰和尾上覆羽黄绿色。尾黑褐色,外翈橄榄黄绿色,两翅覆羽和飞羽黑褐色,除第一、二枚初级飞羽外,其余飞羽外翈羽缘黄绿色,内侧初级飞羽和次级飞羽近基部外缘黑色形成一椭圆形黑斑,最内侧4枚飞羽先端淡黄白色,中覆羽和大覆羽先端乳白色或淡黄白色,在翅上形成明显的淡黄白色翅斑。下体污白色,羽端沾有少许黄色,体侧沾橄榄灰色或褐色。

戴菊鸟除繁殖期单独或成对活动外,其他时间多成群。性活泼好动,行动敏捷,白天几乎不停地在活动,常在针叶树枝间跳来跳去或飞飞停停,边觅食边前进,并不断发出尖细的”zi~zi~zi”叫声。

迁徙:主要为留鸟,部分游荡或迁徙。

食性:主要以各种昆虫为食,尤以鞘翅目昆虫及幼虫为主,也吃蜘蛛和其他小型无脊椎动物,冬季也吃少量植物种子。


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